Advancements in Remote Sensing and GIS for Sustainable Groundwater Monitoring: Applications, Challenges, and Future Directions


  • Mustaq Shaikh Assistant Geologist, Groundwater Surveys and Development Agency, Solapur, GoM, Solapur, India
  • Farjana Birajdar Assistant Professor, School of Earth Sciences, Punyashlok Ahilyadevi Holkar Solapur University, Solapur, India



Geographic Information System (GIS), groundwater monitoring, hydrogeology, remote sensing, sustainable water management


This research paper explores the advancements, applications, challenges, and future trends in the integration of remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies for groundwater monitoring. The significance of groundwater monitoring is highlighted, emphasizing the role of remote sensing and GIS as powerful tools in understanding and managing groundwater resources. The paper provides a comprehensive overview of traditional monitoring methods, their limitations, and the need for technological advancements. The section on remote sensing techniques details the applications of satellite imagery, aerial photography, and LiDAR in groundwater monitoring, emphasizing advantages such as large-scale coverage and real-time data acquisition. The subsequent discussion on GIS applications explores spatial analysis, visualization, and decision support systems, showcasing the diverse ways GIS enhances groundwater management. The integration of remote sensing and GIS is examined through case studies, illustrating successful projects in different regions of the world. These case studies demonstrate the synergies between technologies and their impacts on sustainable groundwater management. The paper addresses challenges associated with remote sensing and GIS, including spatial and temporal limitations, data accuracy, and cost constraints. Solutions and areas for improvement are proposed, underscoring the need for ongoing research and interdisciplinary collaboration. The discussion on data processing and modeling emphasizes methods for accurate groundwater assessments, aquifer characterization, and the role of machine learning and artificial intelligence. Several case studies illustrate successful applications of these methodologies in real-world projects. The paper concludes by highlighting emerging technologies and trends, including improved satellite sensors, SAR technology, hyperspectral imaging, UAVs, LiDAR advancements, and the growing role of machine learning and artificial intelligence. It emphasizes the importance of continued research and innovation in the field, calling for a collaborative approach to address challenges and ensure sustainable groundwater management practices for the future.


Download data is not yet available.







How to Cite

M. Shaikh and F. Birajdar, “Advancements in Remote Sensing and GIS for Sustainable Groundwater Monitoring: Applications, Challenges, and Future Directions”, IJRESM, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 16–24, Mar. 2024, doi: 10.5281/zenodo.10805308.