Comparative Analysis of Corporate Manslaughter Laws in India and United Kingdom


  • Adarsh Kurian LLM Student, School of Law, Christ (Deemed to be) University, Bangalore, India



corporate manslaughter, corporate entities, criminal liability, legislation


Corporate manslaughter laws, a relatively new legal concept in India, have garnered increasing attention due to the need for greater corporate accountability and responsibility for deaths resulting from corporate negligence. This research seeks to analyse and evaluate the current state of corporate manslaughter laws in India, tracing their historical development and examining their practical implications. The study also explores international best practices and offers recommendations for potential legal reforms. In doing so, it aims to shed light on the complexities surrounding this issue, addressing the challenges of holding corporations accountable for fatalities caused by their actions. The topic of corporate manslaughter has gained prominence in recent years as incidents of corporate negligence leading to the loss of human life have brought to the forefront the need for more robust legal measures in India. This research explores the evolution and current status of corporate manslaughter laws in the country, examining their efficacy in promoting corporate responsibility and justice for victims and their families. The historical development of corporate manslaughter laws in India can be traced back to the Bhopal gas tragedy in 1984. The aftermath of this disaster, in which thousands of people lost their lives, highlighted the inadequacies of existing legal frameworks to hold corporations accountable for such large-scale catastrophes. Subsequently, the need for more robust legislation led to the enactment of the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster Act 1985. This act, while a significant step forward, needed to be expanded in its scope and applicability. In the present day, India lacks a comprehensive corporate manslaughter law. Prosecutions against corporations for causing deaths through negligence are typically pursued under other legal provisions, such as the Indian Penal Code and various environmental and labour laws. The absence of a dedicated statute specific to corporate manslaughter raises questions about the adequacy of current legal measures in addressing this issue. This research delves into the practical challenges law enforcement agencies and courts face in using existing laws to hold corporations accountable for fatalities. To gain a broader perspective, this study conducts a comparative analysis of other countries with well-established corporate manslaughter laws, such as the United Kingdom and Australia. By examining their legal frameworks and case studies, it is possible to draw valuable insights regarding the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches. The analysis aims to provide a foundation for developing more effective corporate manslaughter legislation in India. The research identifies several challenges and limitations in the current legal landscape of corporate manslaughter in India. These include the lack of a clear legal definition of corporate manslaughter, limited awareness and enforcement of existing laws, and the lengthy and complex legal procedures involved in prosecuting corporations. The study also highlights the importance of public awareness and advocacy in bringing cases to the forefront and pressuring corporations to take responsibility for their actions. In light of the findings, this research offers several recommendations for reforming corporate manslaughter laws in India. These suggestions include the need for a dedicated legislative framework that defines corporate manslaughter, streamlines the prosecution process, and imposes significant penalties on corporations found guilty of such offences. Furthermore, it emphasizes the importance of creating awareness campaigns and training programs for law enforcement agencies to effectively address corporate negligence cases. Corporate manslaughter laws in India remain a topic of great importance in ensuring corporate accountability and justice for victims and their families. While progress has been made since the Bhopal gas tragedy, there is still much work to be done to bring India's legal framework in line with international best practices. This research contributes to the ongoing discourse surrounding corporate manslaughter laws and provides a comprehensive analysis of the challenges and opportunities for reform in India. Ultimately, the aim is to pave the way for a legal system that holds corporations accountable for their actions, thus promoting a safer and more responsible corporate culture in the country.


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How to Cite

A. Kurian, “Comparative Analysis of Corporate Manslaughter Laws in India and United Kingdom”, IJRESM, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 97–101, Apr. 2024, doi: 10.5281/zenodo.10993249.