A Critical Analysis of the New World Order and the Role of India in Promoting Multilateral Diplomacy
Keywords:new world order, multilateral diplomacy, united nations, India, bilateral agreements, international trade, climate change, security, sustainability
Traces of cultures and societies maintaining ‘order’ within their communities can be found in history. Today, there is an increasing discussion around the idea of a ‘New World Order’ - a concept which was first indirectly proposed in 1918 by President Wilson in a speech where he was iterating the importance of an international post-war system enabling collective security and cooperation among nations. Post that, the New World Order was greatly re-defined in the Cold War and post-Cold War era by the likes of Gorbachev and Bush. This research paper conducts a thorough critical analysis of the New World Order with a particular focus on the role of multilateral diplomacy in further enforcing this. The latter part of the paper evaluates the role of India - the largest democracy and most populated country - in facilitating this New World Order through their various bilateral agreements and initiatives in the space of international trade, climate change, security and sustainability and reduction of the gap between developing and developed countries.
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